Narendra Modi is the first Prime Minister of India who was born in Independent India. In 2014 he led BJP to victory in elections to the Lok Sabha, after which he was sworn in as 14th prime minister of India. Prior to that he had served as chief minister of Gujarat state. He is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. He is the first prime minister outside of the Congress to win two consecutive terms with a full majority, and the second one to complete five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Early life :
Narendra Modi was Born on 17 september 1950 to a Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Mehsana, Gujarat. He helped his father sell tea at the Vadnagar railway station, and he later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus. He was the third of six children born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Hiraben Modi. His family belonged to the Modh Ghanchi Teli community, which is categorised as an OBC by the Indian government. When he was eight years old, discovered the RSS and began attending its local shakhas. There, he met Lakshmanrao Inamdar, popularly known as Vakil Saheb, who inducted him as a Bal Swayamsewak in the RSS and became his political mentor.
In accordance with Ghanchi tradition, Narendra Modi’s marriage was arranged by his parents when he was a child. He was engaged at age 13 to Jashodaben, marrying her when he was 18. They spent little time together. He Started travelling around India and visited a number of religious centres before returning to Gujarat. He maintains a close relationship with his mother, Hiraben. He completed his higher secondary education in Vadnagar in 1967. Also Read : Amit Shah Wiki, Bio, Age, Career and Personal Life
In the early summer of 1968, Narendra Modi reached the Belur Math, after which he wandered through Calcutta, West Bengal and Assam, stopping in Siliguri and Guwahati. Then he went to the Ramakrishna Ashram in Almora, travelling back to Gujarat via Delhi and Rajasthan in 1968-69. Vivekananda has been described as a large influence in his life. Sometime in late 1969 or early 1970, he returned to Vadnagar for a brief visit before leaving again for Ahmedabad. There, he lived with his uncle, working in the latter’s canteen at the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.
In Ahmedabad, Modi renewed his acquaintance with Inamdar, who was based at the Hedgewar Bhavan in the city. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, he stopped working for his uncle and became a full-time pracharak for the RSS, working under Inamdar. A vegetarian and teetotaler, Modi has a lifestyle and is a workaholic and introvert. He has also been called a fashion-icon for his signature crisply ironed, half-sleeved Kurta.
Early political career :
In 1971 Narendra Modi became a full-time worker for the RSS. In June 1975, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency in India which lasted until 1977. During this period, many of her political opponents were jailed and opposition groups were banned. He was appointed general secretary of the “Gujarat Lok Sangharsh Samiti”, an RSS committee coordinating opposition to the Emergency in Gujarat. Shortly afterwards, the RSS was banned. He was forced to go underground in Gujarat and frequently travelled in disguise to avoid arrest. He became involved in printing pamphlets opposing the government, sending them to Delhi and organising demonstrations.
Narendra Modi was also involved with creating a network of safe houses for individuals wanted by the government, and in raising funds for political activists. During this period, He wrote a book in Gujarati, Sangharsh Ma Gujarat, describing events during the Emergency. Among the people he met in this role was trade unionist and socialist activist George Fernandes, as well as several other national political figures. In his travels during the Emergency, he was often forced to move in disguise, once dressing as a monk, and once as a Sikh. Also Read : Yogi Adityanath Wiki, Bio, Age, Career and Personal Life
Narendra Modi became an RSS sambhag pracharak in 1978, overseeing RSS activities in the areas of Surat and Vadodara, and in 1979 he went to work for the RSS in Delhi, He returned to Gujarat a short while later, and was assigned by the RSS to the BJP in 1985. In 1987 he helped organise the BJP’s campaign in the Ahmedabad municipal election, which the BJP won comfortably; his planning has been described as the reason for that result by biographers. He officially joined the BJP in 1987, and a year later he was made the general secretary of the Gujarat branch of the party.
He was instrumental in greatly strengthening the party’s presence in the state in succeeding years. In 1990 he was one of the BJP members who participated in a coalition government in the state. He rose within the party and was named a member of the BJP’s National Election Committee in 1990, helping organise L. K. Advani’s 1990 Ram Rath Yatra in 1990 and Murli Manohar Joshi’s 1991-92 Ekta Yatra. However, he took a brief break from politics in 1992.
Narendra Modi returned to electoral politics in 1994, partly at the insistence of Advani, and as party secretary, Modi’s electoral strategy was considered central to the BJP victory in the 1995 state assembly elections. In November of that year he was elected BJP national secretary and transferred to New Delhi, where he assumed responsibility for party activities in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
The following year, Shankersinh Vaghela, a prominent BJP leader from Gujarat, defected to the Congress after losing his parliamentary seat in the Lok Sabha elections. Narendra Modi, on the selection committee for the 1998 Assembly elections in Gujarat, favoured supporters of BJP leader Keshubhai Patel over those supporting Vaghela to end factional division in the party. His strategy was credited as key to the BJP winning an overall majority in the 1998 elections, and he was promoted to BJP general secretary in May of that year.
On 3 Oct 2001 Narendra Modi replaced Keshubhai Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat, with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections. He was sworn in as Chief Minister on 7 October 2001, and entered the Gujarat state legislature on 24 February 2002 by winning a by-election to the Rajkot-II constituency. Also Read : Subramanian Swamy Wiki, Bio, Age, Career and Personal Life
As Chief Minister :
During his time as head of the Gujarat government, Narendra Modi established a formidable reputation as an able administrator, and he was given credit for the rapid growth of the state’s economy. He favored small government. His policies during his second term have been credited with reducing corruption in the state. He established financial and technology parks in Gujarat and during the 2007 Vibrant Gujarat summit, real-estate investment deals worth ₹6.6 trillion were signed. The governments led by Narendra Modi supported NGOs and communities in the creation of groundwater conservation projects. As a result Sixty of the 112 tehsils which had depleted the water table in 2004 had regained their normal groundwater levels by 2010. As a result, the state’s production of genetically modified cotton increased to become the largest in India. From 2001 to 2010 Gujarat recorded an agricultural growth rate of 10.97 percent.
In 2008 Narendra Modi offered land in Gujarat to Tata Motors to set up a plant manufacturing the Nano after a popular agitation had forced the company to move out of West Bengal. Several other companies followed the Tata’s to Gujarat. His government finished the process of bringing electricity to every village in Gujarat. He significantly changed the state’s system of power distribution, greatly impacting farmers. Gujarat expanded the Jyotigram Yojana scheme, in which agricultural electricity was separated from other rural electricity; the agricultural electricity was rationed to fit scheduled irrigation demands, reducing its cost.
Narendra Modi’s 31 August 2012 post on Google Hangouts made him the first Indian politician to interact with citizens on a live chat. In addition, his and the party’s electoral performances helped advance his position as not only the most-influential leader within the party but also a potential candidate for prime minister of India. In June 2013 he was chosen the leader of the BJP’s campaign for the 2014 elections to the Lok Sabha. He led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha, the first time for any single party since 1984.
As Prime Minister :
Modi was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. He became the first Prime Minister born after India’s independence. In December 2014 Modi abolished the Planning Commission, replacing it with the National Institution for Transforming India, or NITI Aayog. Modi repealed 1,200 obsolete laws in first three years as prime minister. His administration has tried to raise foreign direct investment in the Indian economy. He has attempted to improve efficiency in the bureaucracy.
Narendra Modi started a monthly radio program titled “Mann Ki Baat” on 3 October 2014. He also launched the Digital India program, with the goal of ensuring that government services are available electronically, building infrastructure to provide high-speed Internet access to rural areas, boosting manufacturing of electronic goods in the country, and promoting digital literacy. Also Read : Nitish Kumar Wiki, Bio, Age, Career and Personal Life
Narendra Modi began a high profile sanitation campaign, Known as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. He initiated demonetisation of high denomination bank notes, fight against corruption. He launched Ujwala scheme to provide free LPG connection to rural households. The scheme led to an increase in LPG consumption by 56% in 2019 as compared to 2014. In 2019, a law was passed to provide 10% reservation to Economically weaker sections (EWS).
Prime Minister Narendra Modi led Bharatiya Janata Party to a super-sized victory for a second term in Indian Parliament. He again sworn in as Prime minister on 30 May 2019. And within 10 weeks of returning to power, his government took key decisions to fulfill the aspirations of people and cited the new law on triple talaq and scrapping of special status (Article 370) accorded to Jammu and Kashmir. Now Modi Govt passes Citizenship amenment bill 2019 in December 19 to give Citizenship to persecuted minorities from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afganistan.
Awards and recognition :
Narendra Modi was named the Best Chief Minister in a 2007 nationwide survey by India Today. In March 2012, he appeared on the cover of the Asian edition of Time Magazine. He was awarded Indian of the Year by CNN-IBN news network in 2014. In 2014, 2015 and 2017 he was named one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People in the World. He was also declared winner of the Time magazine reader’s poll for Person of the Year in 2014 and 2016.
Forbes Magazine ranked Narendra Modi the 15th Most Powerful Person in the World in 2014 and the 9th Most Powerful Person in the World in 2015, 2016 and 2018. In 2015, he was ranked the 13th Most Influential Person in the World by Bloomberg Markets Magazine. He was ranked 5th on Fortune magazine’s first annual list of the World’s Greatest Leaders in 2015.
In 2017, Gallup International Association conducted a poll and ranked Narendra Modi as third top leader of the world. In 2016, a wax statue of Narendra Modi was unveiled at Madame Tussaud Wax Museum in London. In 2015 he was named one of Time 30 Most Influential People on the Internet as the second most followed politician on Twitter and Facebook. In 2018 he was the third most followed head of the state on Twitter and the most followed world leader on Facebook and Instagram. In October 2018, he received UN’s highest environmental award, the ‘Champions of the Earth’. He was conferred the 2018 Seoul Peace Prize.
State honours :
|Order Of Abdulaziz Al saud (2016)||The highest honour of Saudi Arabia awarded to non Muslim dignitaries|
|State Order of Ghazi Amir Amanullah Khan (2016)||The highest civilian honour of Afganistan|
|Grand Collar of the State of Palestine (2018)||The highest honour of Palestine awarded to foreign dignitaries|
|Order of Zayed (2019)||The highest civilian honour of the United Arab Emirates|
|Order of St. Andrew (2019)||The highest civilian honour of Russia|
|Order of the Distinguished Rule of Nishan Izzuddin (2019)||The highest honour of the Maldives awarded to foreign dignitries|
Books by Narendra Modi :
Jyotipunj : 2008, A Journey : Poems by Narendra Modi : 2014, Social Harmony : 2015, India’s Singapore Story : 2015, Exam Warriors : 2018
Wiki – Bio :
|Date of Birth / Age :||17 September 1950 / 70 Years (as in 2020)
|Nick Name :||NaMo|
|Full Name :||Narendra Damodardas Modi|
|Place Of Birth :||Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Gujarat, India|
|Home Town :||Vadnagar|
|Current Place :||New Delhi, India|
|Height :||170 Cm|
|Caste :||Modh – Ghanchi – Teli (OBC)|
|Zodiac Sign/Sun Sign :||Virgo|
|Education :||MA in Political Science|
|School :||Higher Secondary School, Vadnagar|
|College/University :||Gujrat University, Delhi University|
|Marital Status :||Married|
|Hobbies :||Yoga, Reading, Public Interaction|
|Food Habit :||Vegitarian|
|Favorite Leader :||Vivekananda|
|Favorite Politician :||S P Mukherjee, A B Bajpayee|
|Favorite Singer :||Lata Mangeshkar|
|Address :||7 Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi 110001 (Residential), PMO, Central Secretariat, New Delhi 110011 (Official)|
|Social media Profile :||Twitter Facebook Instagram|
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